Swedish version

PARNASSIUS WORLDWIDE         NORTH AMERICA             SCANDINAVIA            FAMOUS  ENTOMOLOGISTS          CONTACT           EMAIL

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 

to worldwide entomologists and friends for their contribution, assistance, advice, corrections, encouragement etc.

      

     My sincere thanks to Dr Dieter Beiten,  Alexei Belik, Gerd Bentz, Larry D Beutler, Anton Biryukov, Roger Bovaere, Frédéric Carbonell, Moltýkár Castelpul, Sergei Churkin, Simon Coombes, Oskar Dorfmann (†), Alfonso Corraleño, Franco Crespi, Hans Degler (†), Jean Pierre Dhondt, Jostein B. Engdahl, Vernon Evans Otto Feldner, Teocados G Felí,  Robert Goodden, Marc Grinnell, Jan Hadac, Jean Hanus, Sune Hauch, Dr Peter Henkele, Earl Hooke (†)Akira Hoshino, Martin Jagelka, Stanislav Korb, Oleg Kosterin, Maxim Markhasiov,  Dr Gerhard Merk, Masamitsu Mori, Kuniomi Matsumoto, Lennart Medquist, Kunio Mise, Uberto Nardelli,  Robert Nash, Tomio Nemoto,  Jacques Nieszporek, Dr Paul A Opler, Dr Ilya Osipov, Jorge Paclawsky, Vladimir Paulus, Tero Piirainen, Manuel del Pino, Juhani Pitkänen, Dr Ather Rafi, Auro Rambelli, John Reichel (†)Oz RittnerDr Giovanni Sala, Jouko Salmela,  Markku Savela,  Dick Schoenberger, Dr Adolf Schulte (†), Dr Karl Segl,  Göran SjöbergJan V. SlamaDmitriy SobaninBenoit Soyez, Ralph Sturm, Prof. Andrew V. Timshenko, Stephan R Treadway, Jaroslav A. Vanek (†), Robert R Westphal, Pierre Willien, Cheng Xing,  Roman Yakovlev, Dr Nathalie Yonow and Milan Zubrik for their contribution to my website. 

     If you can contribute to make my Parnassius website more complete or you have any other comments, please Email me. This site will take some time to download.  Still I hope it is worth seeing. Welcome to watch the pages! 

(To prevent commercial netfishing the @ sign in Email addresses is substituted with %20at%20)

INTRODUCTION  TO PARNASSIUS

"The snow butterflies of the mountains"

      

     Linnaeus named the Papilionidae butterflies the Knights.  The Knights he divided into two parts, in Latin:  Equites Troes and Equites Achivi (Trojan Knights and Greek Knights). This division no longer is actual but the Papilionidae name as well as Knights are still accepted for this order of Rhopalocera
(day flying) butterflies.

     Parnassius butterflies belong to a family within the Papilionidae. 

     Two species of the Parnassius butterfly family were named by Linnaeus in Systema Naturae, 1758, namely  Parnassius apollo and Parnassius mnemosyne. The first of these he encountered on the island of Gotland, Sweden, in 1741 and the second, Parnassius mnemosyne was later described from Finland.

     Linnaeus did not include apollo and mnemosyne in the order of Greek or Trojan Knights: in this he was mistaken. Later the Parnassius species were found to be an order of the Knights.


  
     The  IUCN Red Data Book (1985) lists  in total 573 species of Papilionidae.
 

     The Parnassius family included in 1985  53 species, but some still have a doubtful species status and new species have also been discovered, mostly in mountainous areas of Central Asia. The latest species of Parnassius to be described was discovered in Kirghizia in 2005. 

 

    I would like to display my work mainly in two parts.  One will show the extension of distribution of the species Parnassius apollo into most of Scandinavia, and the second will provide information about all Parnassius species found
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   A number of entomologists and naturalists will be presented, starting with Linnaeus himself and his disciples.  Also development and change of Entomology and Natural Science from Aristotle until our days will be discussed. Unfortunately some pages are available in Swedish only. 

MY LINKS


 Parnassius species of the world   
 Parnassius apollo of Scandinavia 
  Parnassius apollo pics 
 Parnassius of North America
 Entomologists and naturalists

 Books by Sten Nord/Böcker av Sten Nord

 Virserum map
 
 Christers Bilmekk
 Fyra S   
 Old Virserum photographs
 Internet Worldmap

 Papilionidae of Pakistan

 Waldeck oil painting samples
 

 Isla Margarita february 2006 

 Photo gallery 2004 

 Photo gallery 2005

 Photo gallery 2006 

 Photo gallery 2007 

 Photo gallery 2008 

  Photo gallery 2009 


 

OTHER LINKS

  Important facta on phylogeny and identification of Parnassiinae at Wikipedia  
 Entomological Associations
 Entomologiska föreningen i Uppland

 Östgötaentomologerna
 Birdwings of the World
 The Lepidopterists Society
 Colour Atlas of the Siberian Lepidoptera
 Laurent's Butterfly & Moth collection
 Collector's Secret
 Delias of the World
  Ilya Osipov´s Russian Butterflies
 The Entomological Society of  South-East Sweden 
  Swallowtails of the World
 Finnish informative site on Parnassius
 Excellent butterfly database
 Bulgarian site about Carolus Linnaeus
  Local butterflies of the world - informative links
  Captain´s European Butterfly Guide
 Worldwide Butterflies
 Museo Entomologico del Mundo
 The Butterflies of Indo-China
 Butterflies - on the wings of freedom
 Japanese Butterfly Gallery
 Insects and Lepidoptera
 Entomological links
  Trapper Arne's Homepage

  Les Lépidoptéristes de France


LANGUAGE LINKS

  Languages of the World

 Selingua

 Don Gerardo


     LET US NEVER FORGET THESE PERSONS


                                    John Hron 1981-1995
 

                                     Iqbal Masih 1982-1995

           
                                    Karla Faye Tucker Brown 1959-1998

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Last updated Sept 8, 2009

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