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  Important facta on phylogeny and identification of Parnassiinae at Wikipedia   

The sites will follow 

Phylogeny and order

of Parnassiinae

according to

The IUCN Red Data Book

© 1985 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

ISBN No. 2 88032-603-6


PAPILIONIDAE Latreille, [1802]

Baroniinae Bryk, 1913

Baronia Salvin, 1893

1. Baronia brevicornis Salvin, 1893

Subfamily Parnassiinae

Tribe: Parnassiini

Genus: Archon Hübner

2. Archon apollinus Herbst, 1798

Genus: Hypermnestra Ménétriés

3. Hypermnestra helios Nickerl, 1846

Genus: Parnassius Latreille

Species-group szechenyii

4. Parnassius széchenyii Frivaldsky, 1886

5. Parnassius cephalus Grigorii Efimovich Grum-Grshimailo, 1891

6. Parnassius maharaja Andrei Nikolaevich Avinov, 1916

7. Parnassius delphius Eduard Alexandrovich Eversmann, 1843

8. Parnassius stoliczkanus C & R Felder, 1864

9. Parnassius patricius Niepelt, 1911

10. Parnassius acdestis Grigorii Efimovich Grum-Grshimailo, 1891

11. Parnassius imperator Christian Oberthür, 1883

12. Parnassius charltonius G R Gray, 1852

13. Parnassius inopinatus Kotzsch, 1940

14. Parnassius loxias Püngeler, 1901

15. Parnassius autocrator Andrei Nikolaevich Avinov, 1913

16. Parnassius tenedius Eduard Alexandrovich Eversmann,1851

17. Parnassius acco G B Gray, 1853

18. Parnassius przewalskii Sergei Nikolaevich Alpheraky, 1887

19. Parnassius hannyngtoni Andrei Nikolaevich Avinov, 1916

20. Parnassius simo J E Gray, 1853

21. Parnassius hardwickii J E Gray ,1831

22. Parnassius orleans Christian Oberthür, 1890

23. Parnassius clodius Eduard Petrovich Ménétriés, 1855

24. Parnassius eversmanni Eduard Petrovich Ménétriés, 1850

25. Parnassius felderi O V Bremer, 1861

26. Parnassius ariadne Lederer, 1853(= Parnassius clarius Eduard Alexandrovich Eversmann, 1843)

27. Parnassius nordmanni Eduard Petrovich Ménétriés, 1850

28. Parnassius mnemosyne Linnaeus, 1758

29. Parnassius stubbendorfi Eduard Petrovich Ménétriés, 1849

30. Parnassius glacialis Butler, 1866

31. Parnassius apollonius Eduard Alexandrovich Eversmann ,1847

32. Parnassius honrathi Otto Staudinger, 1882

33. Parnassius bremeri Jean Baptiste Alphonse d´Echauffor Boisduval, 1836

34. Parnassius jacquemontii Jean Baptiste Alphonse d´Echauffor Boisduval, 1836

35. Parnassius epaphus Christian Oberthür, 1879

36. Parnassius actius Eduard Alexandrovich Eversmann, 1843

37. Parnassius phoebus Christian Fabricius, 1793

38. Parnassius tianschanicus Christian Oberthür, 1879

39. Parnassius nomion Jacob Hübner, 1799 & G I Fischer von Waldheim, 1823

40. Parnassius apollo Linnaeus, 1758

Apollo pics

Apollo in Scandinavia

Zerynthiini

Sericinius Westwood 1851

41.Sericinius montela Gray, 1843 / telamon Edward Donovan, 1798

Allancastria Bryk 1934

42. Allancastria cerisyi Godart, 1824

43. Allancastria deyrollei C Oberthür, 1872

44. Allancastria caucasica Lederer, 1864

45. Allancastria louristana Le Cerf, 1908

Zerynthia Ochsenheimer 1816

46. Zerynthia polyxena Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775

47. Zerynthia rumina Carl von Linné, 1758

Bhutanitis Atkinson

48. Bhutanitis mansfieldi Riley, 1939

49. Bhutanitis thaidina Blanchard, 1871

50. Bhutanitis lidderdalii Atkinson, 1873

51. Bhutanitis ludlowi Gabriel, 1942 

Luehdorfia Crüger 1878

52. Luehdorfia chinensis Leech, 1893

53. Luehdorfia japonica Leech, 1889

54. Luehdorfia puziloi Nikolai Grigorievich Ershov, 1872


Not listed in the IUCN Red Data Book nomenclature

Shown in alphabetical order on page 3

Archon Hübner

55. Archon apollinaris Otto Staudinger, 1892

56. Archon bostanchii De Freina & Naderi, 2003

Parnassius Latreille

57. Parnassius andreji Carl Eisner, 1930

58. Parnassius arcticus Carl Eisner, 1968

59. Parnassius augustus  Hans Fruhstorfer, 1903

80. Parnassius bayleyi South, 1927

61. Parnassius boëdromius Püngeler, 1901

62. Parnassius cardinal Grigorii Efimovich Grum-Grshimailo, 1887

63. Parnassius davydovi Sergei Churkin, 2005

64. Parnassius dongalaicus Tytler, 1926

65. Parnassius huberi Vladimir Paulus, 1999

66. Parnassius hide Satoshi Koiwaya, 1987

67. Parnassius hunza Grigorii Efimovich Grum-Grshimailo, 1888

68. Parnassius jacobsoni Andrei Nikolaevich Avinov, 1913

69. Parnassius kiritschenkoi Andrei Nikolaevich Avinov, 1910

70. Parnassius labeyriei Jean-Claude Weiss & F Michel, 1989

71. Parnassius maximinus Otto Staudinger, 1891

72. Parnassius nadadevinensis D Weiss, 1990

73. Parnassius noséi Yasuyuki Watanabe, 1989

74 Parnassius schultei Jean-Claude Weiss & F Michel, 1989

75. Parnassius simonius Otto Staudinger, 1889

76. Parnassius staudingeri O Bang-Haas, 1882

77. Parnassius stenosemus Honrath, 1890

Allancastria Bryk 1934

78. Allancastria cretica Rebel, 1904

Zerynthia Ochsenheimer 1816

79. Luehdorfia longicaudata Lee, 1982


Sites on some famous entomologists and scientists - including Linnaeus

and his disciples - unfortunately only in Swedish so far   

Läs här om berömda entomologer och andra naturvetenskapare,

Linné och hans lärjungar inräknade     

For comparison

Phylogeny of Parnassiinae

according to

revised GloBIS/GART species checklist


PAPILIONIDAE Latreille, [1802] [551 spp.]

Baroniinae Bryk, 1913 [1 sp.]

Baronia Salvin, 1893

Baronia brevicornis Salvin, 1893

Archon Hübner, [1822] [2 spp.]

Archon apollinus Herbst, 1798

Archon apollinaris Staudinger, 1892

Hypermnestra Ménétriés, 1848 [1 sp.]

Hypermnestra helios Nickerl, 1846

Parnassius Latreille, 1804 [47 spp.]

Driopa Korshunov, 1988 [8 spp.]

Parnassius (Driopa) ariadne Lederer, 1853

- clarius Eversmann, 1843

Parnassius (Driopa) clodius Ménétriés, 1855

Parnassius (Driopa) eversmanni Ménétriés, 1855

- felderi Bremer, 1861

- litoreus Stichel, 1907

Parnassius (Driopa) glacialis Butler, 1866

- sulphurus Antram, 1924

Parnassius (Driopa) mnemosyne Linnaeus, 1758

Parnassius (Driopa) nordmanni Ménétriés, 1850

Parnassius (Driopa) orleans Oberthür, 1890

Parnassius (Driopa) stubbendorfii Ménétriés, 1849

- hoenei Schweitzer, 1912

Kailasius Moore, 1902 [6 spp.]

Parnassius (Kailasius) autocrator Avinov, 1913

Parnassius (Kailasius) charltonius Gray, [1853]

Parnassius (Kailasius) imperator Oberthür, 1883

- augustus Fruhstorfer, 1903

Parnassius (Kailasius) inopinatus Kotzsch, 1940

Parnassius (Kailasius) loxias Püngeler, 1901

Parnassius (Kailasius) davydovi Churkin, 2005

Koramius Moore, 1902 [8 spp.]

Parnassius (Koramius) acdestis Grum-Grshimailo, 1891

- liudongi Huang, 1999

Parnassius (Koramius) cardinal Grum-Grshimailo, 1887

Parnassius (Koramius) delphius (Eversmann, 1843)

Parnassius (Koramius) maximinus Staudinger, 1891

Parnassius (Koramius) patricius Niepelt, 1911

- hide Koiwaya, 1987

- priamus Bryk, 1913

Parnassius (Koramius) staudingeri Bang-Haas, 1882

- kiritshenkoi Avinov, 1910

Parnassius (Koramius) stenosemus Honrath, 1890

Parnassius (Koramius) stoliczkanus Felder & Felder, 1865

- nandadevinensis Weiss, 1990

Parnassius Latreille, 1804 [13 spp.]

Parnassius (Parnassius) actius Eversmann, 1843

Parnassius (Parnassius) apollo Linnaeus, 1758

Parnassius (Parnassius) apollonius Eversmann, 1847

Parnassius (Parnassius) bremeri Bremer, 1864

Parnassius (Parnassius) dongalaicus Tytler, 1926

- rikihiroi Kawasaki, 1995

Parnassius (Parnassius) epaphus Oberthür, 1879

Parnassius (Parnassius) honrathi Staudinger, 1882

Parnassius (Parnassius) jacquemontii Boisduval, 1836

Parnassius (Parnassius) nomion Fischer De Waldheim, 1823

Parnassius (Parnassius) phoebus Fabricius, 1793

- ruckbeili Deckert, 1909

Parnassius (Parnassius) sacerdos Stichel, 1906

Parnassius (Parnassius) smintheus Doubleday, 1847

- behrii Edwards, 1870

Parnassius (Parnassius) tianschanicus Oberthür, 1879

Sachaia Korshunov, 1988 [6 spp.]

Parnassius (Sachaia) andreji Eisner, 1930

Parnassius (Sachaia) arctica Eisner, 1968

- ammosovi Korshunov, 1988

Parnassius (Sachaia) boëdromius Püngeler, 1901

Parnassius (Sachaia) simo Gray, [1853]

Parnassius (Sachaia) simonius Staudinger, 1889

Parnassius (Sachaia) tenedius Eversmann, 1851

Tadumia Moore, 1902 [7 spp.]

Parnassius (Tadumia) acco Gray, [1853]

- baileyi South, 1913

- przewalskii Alpheraky, 1887

- rothschildianus Bryk, 1931

Parnassius (Tadumia) cephalus Grum-Grshimailo, 1891

- pythia Roth, 1932

Parnassius (Tadumia) hardwickii Gray, 1831

Parnassius (Tadumia) hunnyngtoni Avinoff, 1916

Parnassius (Tadumia) maharaja Avinoff, 1916

- labeyriei Weiss & Michel, 1989

- nosei Watanabe, 1990

Parnassius (Tadumia) schultei Weiss & Michel, 1989

- huberi Paulus, 1999

Parnassius (Tadumia) szechenyii Frivaldszky, 1886

- choui Huang & Shi, 1994

Luehdorfiini Chapman, 1895 [= Zerynthiini Grote, 1899]

Bhutanitis Atkinson, 1873 [4 spp.]

Bhutanitis lidderdalii Atkinson, 1873

Bhutanitis ludlowi Gabriel, 1942

Bhutanitis mansfieldi (Riley, 1939)

- pulchristriata Saigusa & Lee, 1982

Bhutanitis thaidina Blanchard, 1871

- nigrilima Chou, 1992

- yulongensis Chou, 1992

Luehdorfia Crüger, 1878 [4 spp.]

Luehdorfia chinensis Leech, 1893

Luehdorfia puziloi (Erschoff, 1872)

Luehdorfia japonica Leech, 1889

Luehdorfia longicaudata Lee, 1982

- taibai Chou, 1994

Sericinus Westwood, 1851 [1 sp.]

Sericinus montela Gray, 1852

Zerynthia Ochsenheimer, 1816 [7 spp.]

Allancastria Bryk, 1934

Zerynthia (Allancastria) caucasica Lederer, 1864

Zerynthia (Allancastria) cerisy Godart, [1824]

Zerynthia (Allancastria) cretica Rebel, 1904

Zerynthia (Allancastria) deyrollei Oberthür, 1869

Zerynthia (Allancastria) louristana Le Cerf, 1908

Zerynthia Ochsenheimer, 1816

Zerynthia (Zerynthia) polyxena [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775

Zerynthia (Zerynthia) rumina Linnaeus, 1758


          Baroniinae et Parnassiinae

          Baronia  Salvin, 1893     


Photo © G. Waldeck

Mexico 

1. Baronia brevicornis (Salvin, 1893)
English:Baronia  Larva on Acacia cochliacantha
Described subspecies and forms:
Baronia brevicornis var. pallida Kotzsch, 1939
Baronia brevicornis forma parvisubmarginalis Eisner, 1974
Baronia brevicornis subsp. rufodiscalis de la Maza & White, 1987


Some pairs of of Archon apollinus ssp

 Photo © G. Waldeck

Archon apollinus bellargus - stages of life cycle

Photo © Oz Rittner

Greece, Bulgaria, Middle East

2. Arcon apollinus(Herbst, 1798)                                                                         

English:False Apollo  

 Larva on Aristolochia hastata,A. poecilantha, A. poecilanta, scarabidula, A. parvifola, A clematis, A. parviflora, A. bodamae, A. hirta, A. bottae, A. auricularia, A. rotunda, A. sempervirens, A. maurorum and A. billardieri.
Described subspecies and forms:
Archon apollinus subsp. amasina Staudinger, 1901
Archon apollinus subsp. annii Ondrias, Koutsaftikis & Douma-Petridou, 1979
Archon apollinus subsp. armeniacus Sheljuzhko, 1925
Archon apollinus subsp. bellarchus Eimer, 1897
Archon apollinus subsp. bellargus Staudinger, 1892
Archon apollinus subsp. curiosa Eisner, 1954
Archon apollinus subsp. drusica De Freina & Leestmans, 2003
Archon apollinus subsp. flavomaculata Eisner, 1954
Archon apollinus subsp. forsteri Koçak, 1977
Archon apollinus subsp. lichyi Carbonell & Brevignon, 1983
Archon apollinus subsp. mardina Stichel, 1907
Archon apollinus subsp. nikodemusi Stüning & Wagener, 1989
Archon apollinus var. nocticolor Stichel, 1907
Archon apollinus subsp. ochreomaculata Eisner, 1954
Archon apollinus subsp. pythius Esper, 1805
Archon apollinus subsp. rubra Staudinger, 1892
Archon apollinus subsp. thia Hübner, 1806
Archon apollinus subsp. thracica Buresch, 1915
Archon apollinus subsp. wageneri Koçak, 1976
Archon apollinus subsp. wyatti Koçak, 1976

          Hypermnestra Ménétriés


Photo © G. Waldeck

Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, Turkmenistan

3. Hypermnestra helios (Nickerl, 1846)

    English: Desert Apollo

Larva on Zygophyllum, Halimiphyllum

Described subspecies and forms:
Hypermnestra helios var. aryana Wyatt, 1961
Hypermnestra helios subsp. buschirica Bang-Haas, 1938
Hypermnestra helios subsp. christophi Bang-Haas, 1938
Hypermnestra helios var. hyrcana Sheljuzhko, 1956
Hypermnestra helios var. intermedia Verity, 1911
Hypermnestra helios subsp. maxima Bryk, 1913
Hypermnestra helios var. maxima Grum-Grshimailo, 1890
Hypermnestra helios var. ochraceomaculata Groum-Grshimailo, 1890
Hypermnestra helios var. persica Neuburger, 1900
Parnassius balucha Moore, 1906

          Parnassius Latreille, 1804


Pairs of Parnassius széchenyii nominate and some subspecies

Photo © G. Waldeck

Tibet, W. China

4. Parnassius széchenyii (Frivaldszky, 1886)
Termezetr. Füz. 10:39
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. amdensis Verity, 1907
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. arnoldiana Bang-Haas, 1938
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. choui Huang & Shi, 1994
Parnassius széchenyii var. continuata Bryk, 1943
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. etsujii Morita, 1997
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. elvi Bryk, 1938
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. eros Bryk & Eisner, 1934
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. evacaki Schulte ,1992
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. fenzeli Bryk, 1938
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. frivaldskyi Bang-Haas, 1928
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. germanae Austaut, 1906
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. incognitus Kocman, 1995
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. jeanclaudei Shinkai, 1995
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. junco Inaoka, 2001
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. kansuënsis Bryk & Eisner, 1931
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. kassarovi Kocman, 1998
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. katares Bryk, 1943
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. lethe Bryk & Eisner, 1931
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. luminosa Bang-Haas, 1938
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. ragaraja Shinkai, 1995
Parnassius széchenyii var. rubrosubmarginata Bang-Haas, 1928
Parnassius széchenyii subsp. sadayukii Shinkai, 1998
Parnassius széchenyii var. tripicta Bryk, 1943


Parnassius cephalus nominate and some subspecies

Photo © G. Waldeck

Tibet, W. China

5. Parnassius cephalus (Grum-Grshimailo, 1891)
Trudy russk. ent. Obshch. 25:446
Cephalus distribution map
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius cephalus subsp. ares Bryk & Eisner, 1934
Parnassius cephalus subsp. brillantinus Mikami, 1998
Parnassius cephalus subsp. capitalis Bryk & Eisner, 1935
Parnassius cephalus subsp. dalailama Bryk, 1943
Parnassius cephalus subsp. danielae Rose, 1997
Parnassius cephalus var. dengxiaoping Weiss & Michel, 1989
Parnassius cephalus subsp. dominantus Kocman, 1999
Parnassius cephalus subsp. eierhoffi Bang-Haas, 1938
Parnassius cephalus var. elwesi Leech, 1893
Parnassius cephalus subsp. erlaensis Sorimachi, 1992
Parnassius cephalus subsp. gehleni Eisner, 1932
Parnassius cephalus var. helmae Heinkele, 2000
Parnassius cephalus subsp. horii Ohshima, 1985
Parnassius cephalus subsp. irene Bryk & Eisner, 1937
Parnassius cephalus subsp. micheli Weiss, 1992
Parnassius cephalus subsp. mraceki Kawasaki & Rose, 1999
Parnassius cephalus forma nigroocellata Bryk & Eisner, 1934
Parnassius cephalus subsp. paimaensis Yoshino, 1997
Parnassius cephalus subsp. panchenlama Kocman, 1995
Parnassius cephalus subsp. pythia Roth, 1932
Parnassius cephalus forma quadripicta Bryk & Eisner, 1934
Parnassius cephalus forma quinquepicta Bryk & Eisner, 1934
Parnassius cephalus subsp. rileyanus Bryk, 1932
Parnassius cephalus subsp. ryoukoae Kawasaki, 1995
Parnassius cephalus subsp. sengei Bang-Haas, 1938
Parnassius cephalus subsp. shinkaii Weiss, 1991
Parnassius cephalus var. tadumica Bryk & Eisner, 1935
Parnassius cephalus subsp. takenakai Koiwaya, 1993
Parnassius cephalus var. tibuensis Roth, 1932
Parnassius cephalus subsp. weissi Schulte, 1992
Parnassius cephalus subsp. yamantaka Shinkai & Morita, 1995
Parnassius cephalus subsp. yasuyukii Inaoka, 1995


Parnassius m maharaja pair

Photo © G. Waldeck

Kashmir

6. Parnassius maharaja (Avinoff, 1916)
Trudy russk. ent. Obsch. 40(5):1-2 
          Distribution of P maharaja
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius maharaja var. erici Hanus & Hanus & Manon, 1988


 Some mixed samples of Parnassius delphius ssp.

Photo © G. Waldeck

Afghanistan, C. Asia, Pakistan, N. India, Kashmir, Tibet, W.China


7.  Parnassius delphius (Eversmann, 1843)
Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 16:541
English: Banded Apollo
 Larva on Cysticorydalis fedtschenkoana, Corydalis onobrichis
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius delphius subsp. abramovi O. Bang-Haas, 1915
Parnassius delphius subsp. affinis Peschke & Eisner, 1934
Parnassius delphius subsp. alba Hering, 1931
Parnassius delphius subsp. albocellata Eisner ,1939
Parnassius delphius var. albulus Honrath, 1889
Parnassius delphius subsp. albulus Sheljuzhko, 1925
Parnassius delphius subsp. aurelia Austaut, 1912
Parnassius delphius subsp. barteli Austaut, 1911
Parnassius delphius subsp. brunneoocellata Eisner, 1939
Parnassius delphius subsp. caeca Verity 1911
Parnassius delphius var. candidatus Bang-Haas, 1915
Parnassius delphius var. constans Bang-Haas, 1915
Parnassius delphius subsp. costallsextincta Eisner, 1958
Parnassius delphius subsp. cretatus Sheljuzhko, 1914
Parnassius delphius subsp. discocircumcincta Eisner, 1939
Parnassius delphius subsp. divinus Bryk & Eisner, 1931
Parnassius delphius subsp. dolabella Fruhstorfer, 1904
Parnassius delphius subsp. elegans Bryk, 1932
Parnassius delphius subsp. eva Kotzsch, 1936
Parnassius delphius subsp. fermata Eisner ,1939
Parnassius delphius subsp. florenciae Tytler, 1926
Parnassius delphius subsp. gracilis Bryk & Eisner,  1932
Parnassius delphius subsp. hamiensis O. Bang-Haas ,1927
Parnassius delphius subsp. hodja Avinoff, 1913
Parnassius delphius subsp. imitator Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius delphius subsp. inaccessibilis Shchetkin, 1979
Parnassius delphius subsp. infumata Austaut ,1891
Parnassius delphius subsp. interjectus Verity, 1890
Parnassius delphius subsp. intermedia Verity, 1915
Parnassius delphius subsp. julduscia Verity, 1911
Parnassius delphius subsp. juldussicus, Bang-Haas, 1916
Parnassius delphius subsp. kafir Avinoff, 1916
Parnassius delphius var. karaschahricus Bang-Haas, 1915
Parnassius delphius subsp. kasakstana O. Bang-Haas, 1933
Parnassius delphius subsp. kohibaba Clench & Shoumatoff, 1956
Parnassius delphius subsp. kumaonensis Riley, 1926
Parnassius delphius subsp. lampidius Fruhstorfer, 1903
Parnassius delphius subsp. lathonius Bryk, 1913
Parnassius delphius subsp. latonius Collins & Morris, 1985
Parnassius delphius subsp. macdonaldi Rothschild .1918
Parnassius delphius subsp. mamaievi Bang-Haas, 1914
Parnassius delphius subsp. marginata Huwe, 1905
Parnassius delphius subsp. mephisto Hering, 1931
Parnassius delphius subsp. menander Hemming, 1886
Parnassius delphius subsp. mephisto Hering, 1931
Parnassius delphius subsp. micha Eisner, 1975
Parnassius delphius subsp. mogul Wyatt ,1975
Parnassius delphius subsp. parangensis Eisner, 1939
Parnassius delphius subsp. namanganus Staudinger, 1886
Parnassius delphius subsp. nicevillei Avinoff [1916]
Parnassius delphius var. nordmannides Bryk, 1914
Parnassius delphius subsp. noxinfernus Eisner, 1980
Parnassius delphius subsp. obscura Hering, 1931
Parnassius delphius subsp. ornata Eisner, 1939
Parnassius delphius subsp. philippsi Eisner, 1939
Parnassius delphius subsp. pontifex Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius delphius subsp. primotertiopicta Eisne,r 1939
Parnassius delphius subsp. pulchra Eisner, 1939
Parnassius delphius subsp. pura Huwe, 1905
Parnassius delphius subsp. quadripicta Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius delphius subsp. ratteri Bryk & Eisner, 1937
Parnassius delphius subsp. rubroampliusanalis Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius delphius subsp. ruth Kotzsch, 1936
Parnassius delphius var. satanas Bang-Haas, 1910
Parnassius delphius subsp. scotina Stichel ,1911
Parnassius delphius subsp. semicaecus Huwe, 1905
Parnassius delphius subsp. shigarensis O. Bang-Haas, 1935
Parnassius delphius subsp. sobolevskyi Avinoff,  1916
Parnassius delphius subsp. spitiensis O. Bang-Haas, 1927
Parnassius delphius var. styx Staudinger, 1886
Parnassius delphius var. tancrei Austaut, 1910
Parnassius delphius subsp. thomas Eisner, 1939
Parnassius delphius subsp. totiextincta Eisner, 1939
Parnassius delphius subsp. transiens Austaut, 1889
Parnassius delphius subsp. typica Stichel ,1911
Parnassius delphius subsp. unaria Eisner ,1958
Parnassius delphius subsp. valentinae Shchetkin, 1977
Parnassius delphius subsp. whitei Bingham ,1907
Parnassius delphius subsp. zanskarica O. Bang-Haas, 1935
Parnassius delphius subsp. zogilaica Tytler, 1924

Two pairs of Parnassius stoliczkanus ssp

Photo © G. Waldeck

Kashmir

8. Parnassius stoliczkanus (C & R Felder, 1864)
Reise der ... Fregatte Novara (Lep.)
    English: Ladak Banded Apollo
Stoliczkauns distribution map
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius stoliczkanus subsp. atkinsoni Moore, 1902
Parnassius stoliczkanus subsp. beate Eisner, 1939
Parnassius stoliczkanus forma cardinalina Avinoff, 1916
Parnassius stoliczkanus subsp. davidi Eisner, 1971
Parnassius stoliczkanus var. florenciae Tytler, 1926
Parnassius stoliczkanus subsp. gracilis Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius stoliczkanus subsp. harutai Omoto & Kawasaki, 1998
Parnassius stoliczkanus subsp. imitator, Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius stoliczkanus subsp. kumaonensis Riley 1926
Parnassius stoliczkanus subsp. nicevillei Avinoff, 1916
Parnassius stoliczkanus subsp. parangensis Eisner, 1939
Parnassius stoliczkanus subsp. spitiensis Bang-Haas, 1927
Parnassius stoliczkanus subsp. tenuis Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius stoliczkanus subsp. thomas Eisner, 1939
Parnassius stoliczkanus subsp. tytlerianus Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius stoliczkanus subsp. zanskaricus Bang-Haas, 1935
Parnassius stoliczkanus var. zogilaicus Tytler, 1926


Pair of Parnassius patricius kardakoffi

Photo © G. Waldeck

Kirghizia, Turkmenistan

9. Parnassius patricius (Niepelt, 1911)
Int. ent. Z. 5:274
 Larva on Cysticorydalis fedtschenkoana
Distribution map of Parnassius patricius
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius patricius subsp. exclamationis Avinov, 1922
Parnassius patricius subsp. haugumensis Eisner, 1979
Parnassius patricius subsp. kardakoffi Bryk & Eisner, 1930
Parnassius patricius subsp. cretatus Sheljuhzko, 1914
Parnassius patricius subsp. koppi Rose & Kawasaki, 1999
Parnassius patricius subsp. luedwigi Kreuzberg, 1989
Parnassius patricius var. lukhtanovi Rose, 1992
Parnassius patricius subsp. priamus Bryk, 1914
Parnassius patricius subsp. uzungyrus Weiss, 1979
Parnassius patricius subsp. xinjiangensis Kawasaki, 1996


Four pairs of Parnassius acdestis ssp

Photo © G. Waldeck

Kirghizia, Kashmir, Tibet, Sikkim, Bhutan, W.China

10. Parnassius acdestis (Grum-Grshimailo, 1891)
Trudy russk. ent. Obshch. (25):446  
Distribution of Panassius acdestis in Eastern Tibet
Total distribution of Parnassius acdestis
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius acdestis subsp. carolinae Kawasaki & Helia, 1996
Parnassius acdestis subsp. cerberus Kocman, 1996
Parnassius acdestis var. cerevisiae Weiss & Michel, 1989
Parnassius acdestis var. chakaensis Sorimachi, 1992
Parnassius acdestis subsp. christianae Rose, 1997
Parnassius acdestis subsp. cinerosus H Stichel
Parnassius acdestis subsp. divinus Bryk & Eisner, 1931
Parnassius acdestis subsp. ekaii Kawasaki, 1996
Parnassius acdestis subsp. felix Eisner, 1933
Parnassius acdestis subsp. fujitai Koiwaya, 1993
Parnassius acdestis subsp. hades Bryk, 1932
Parnassius acdestis subsp. hayashii Rose & Kawasaki, 1998
Parnassius acdestis subsp. horikatsuhikoi Shinkai, 1997
Parnassius acdestis var. imperatoides Weiss & Michel, 1989
Parnassius acdestis subsp irenaephilus Bryk, 1943
Parnassius acdestissubsp. ivetae, 2004
Parnassius acdestis subsp. josefineae Rose & Kawasaki, 1999
Parnassius acdestis subsp. katsuhikoi Sugisawa, 1990
Parnassius acdestis var. kitawakii Kawasaki & Shinkai, 1998
Parnassius acdestis subsp. kozaburoi Mikami, 1998
Parnassius acdestis subsp. kukai Kawasaki, 1996
Parnassius acdestis subsp. ladakensis Avinoff, 1916
Parnassius acdestis var. lampidus Fruhstotfer, 1903
Parnassius acdestis subsp. lathonius Bryk, 1913
Parnassius acdestis subsp. laurentii Epstein, 1979
Parnassius acdestis var. limitis Weiss & Michel, 1989
Parnassius acdestis subsp. lucifer Bryk, 1932
Parnassius acdestis subsp. lux Eisner, 1969
Parnassius acdestis subsp. macdonaldi Rotschild, 1918
Parnassius acdestis subsp. marki Epstein, 1979
Parnassius acdestis subsp. martae Kawasaki & Helia, 1996
Parnassius acdestis subsp. ohkumai Koiwaya, 1993
Parnassius acdestis subsp. okauchii Koiwaya, 1993
Parnassius acdestis subsp. peeblesi Bryk, 1932
Parnassius acdestis subsp. peschkei Eisner, 1933
Parnassius acdestis subsp. pundit Avinov, 1922
Parnassius acdestis subsp. roweii Sorimachi, 1994
Parnassius acdestis subsp. rupshuanus Avinoff, 1916
Parnassius acdestis subsp sugelicus Sorimachi, 1993
Parnassius acdestis subsp. takashimai Koiwaya, 1996
Parnassius acdestis subsp. takedai Mikami & Sakakibara, 1988
Parnassius acdestis subsp. takenakai Fujioka, 2003
Parnassius acdestis var. voigti Bang-Haas, 1938
Parnassius acdestis subsp. wako Kawasaki, 1996
Parnassius acdestis var. whitei Bingham, 1907
Parnassius acdestis subsp. yamazakii Morita, 1997
Parnassius acdestis var. yanae Huang, 1998

Parnsssius imperator nominate and some ssp

Photo © G. Waldeck

Tibet, W. China


11. Parnassius imperator (Oberthür, 1883)
Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6)3:77
    English: Imperial Apollo 
Imperator distribution map
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius imperator subsp. aino Bryk, 1932
Parnassius imperator subsp. cedermarki Bryk, 1943
Parnassius imperator forma disjuncta Bryk, 1938
Parnassius imperator subsp. duohao
Parnassius imperator subsp. hoshinoi Kocman, 1999
Parnassius imperator subsp. acalanatha Shinkai & Morita, 1995
Parnassius imperator subsp. aungsani Nose & Mikami, 1998
Parnassius imperator subsp. dominus Bang-Haas, 1934
Parnassius imperator subsp. evansi Bryk, 1932
Parnassius imperator subsp. gigas Kotzsch, 1932
Parnassius imperator subsp. haveli Kocman, 1995
Parnassius imperator subsp. imposantus Schulte, 1991
Parnassius imperator var. interjungens Bryk, 1932
Parnassius imperator subsp. irmae Bryk, 1932
Parnassius imperator subsp. jiyetiani Pierrat, 1990
Parnassius imperator subsp. luxorius Mrácek & Schulte, 1990
Parnassius imperator var. musagetus Grum-Grshimailo, 1891
Parnassius imperator subsp. musetta Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius imperator subsp. namchawarwanus Watanabe, 1995
Parnassius imperator subsp. quidami Schulte, 1991
Parnassius imperator subsp. regina Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius imperator subsp. regulus Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius imperator subsp. rex Bang-Haas, 1928
Parnassius imperator subsp. sultan Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius imperator subsp. supremus Fruhstorfer, 1903
Parnassius imperator subsp. takashii Ohya, 1990
Parnassius imperator subsp. tara Shinkai, 1997
Parnassius imperator subsp. titus Kocman, 1997
Parnassius imperator subsp. tyrannus Bang-Haas, 1935
Parnassius imperator var. uxorius Bang-Haas, 1935
Parnassius imperator subsp. vajramusti Oikawa, 1995
Parnassius imperator subsp. venustus Stichel, 1906


Samples of Parnassius charltonius nominate and some ssp

Photo © G. Waldeck

Kirghizia, Tadzhikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, N.India, Kashmir, Tibet

12. Parnassius charltonius (Gray, 1853)
Cat. Lep. Ins. Br. Mus. I:77
    English: Regal Apollo
Larva on Corydalis stricta, C. gortschakovi
P charltonius distribution map
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius charltonius subsp. aenigma Dubatolov et Milko, 2003
Parnassius charltonius subsp. amabilis Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius charltonius subsp.anjuta Ju Ju Stshetkin & Kaabak, 1985
Parnassius charltonius subsp. basharianus Eisner, 1969
Parnassius charltonius var. bryki Haude, 1912
Parnassius charltonius var. chrysopicta Bryk, 1932
Parnassius charltonius subsp. corporaali Bryk, 1935
Parnassius charltonius subsp. deckerti Verity, 1879
Parnassius charltonius var. ducalis Boullet & Le Cerf, 1912
Parnassius charltonius subsp. eisnerianus Bryk, 1931
Parnassius charltonius subsp. ella Bryk, 1932
Parnassius charltonius subsp. flaugeri Eisner, 1978
Parnassius charltonius subsp. gehleni Eisner, 1932
Parnassius charltonius subsp. kabiri Eisner & Naumann, 1980
Parnassius charltonius subsp. kathae-Ruthae, Bryk, 1927
Parnassius charltonius subsp. mistericus Kaabak & LV Sotshivko & A V Titov, 1996
Parnassius charltonius subsp. naimus Eisner & Naumann, 1980
Parnassius charltonius subsp. nuristanus Eisner & Naumann, 1980
Parnassius charltonius subsp. otto Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius charltonius subsp. robertjan Eisner, 1959
Parnassius charltonius subsp. romanovi Grumm-Grshimaïlo, 1885
Parnassius charltonius subsp. sakai Eisner, 1978
Parnassius charltonius subsp. serenissimus Bryk, 1932
Parnassius charltonius var. princeps Honrath, 1888
Parnassius charltonius subsp. vaporosus Avinov, 1913
Parnassius charltonius subsp. voigti Bang-Haas, 1927
Parnassius charltonius subsp. wernickei Kotzsch, 1936

Photo © G. Waldeck

Afghanistan

13. Parnssius inopinatus (Kotzsch, 1940)
Ent. Z. (Frankf. a. M) 54:17
Larva on Corydalis krasnovi, Corydalis paniculigera
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius inopinatus subsp. mütingi Wyatt, 1975
 

Photo © G. Waldeck

Kirghizia, W.China

14. Parnsssius loxias (Püngeler, 1901)

 Dt. ent. Z. Iris 14:178

Larva on Corydalis krasnovi, Corydalis paniculigera

Described subspecies and forms:

Parnassius loxias subsp. raskemensis Avinoff, 1916

Parnassius loxias subsp. tashkorensis Kreuzberg, 1984


Two pairs of Parnassius autocrator

Photo © G. Waldeck

Tadzhikistan, Afghanistan

15. Parnassius autocrator (Avinoff, 1913)

Trudy russk. ent. Obshch. 40(5):16

     Larva on Corydalis adiantifolia,  Corydalis fimbrillifera, Corydalis onobrychis
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius autocrator pshartanus
Parnassius autocrator subsp. mazda Shinkai, 1997 (synonym)



Samples of Parnassius tenedius

Photo © G. Waldeck

Yakutia, Tura, Chita, Mongolia

 
16. Parnassius tenedius (Eversmann, 1851)
Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 24(1):621
Larva on Corydalis capnoides, Corydalis sibirica
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius tenedius subsp. britae Bryk, 1932
Parnassius tenedius subsp.sceptica F Bryk & Eisner 1899
Parnassius tenedius subsp.vulcanus F Bryk & Eisner 1892


Pairs of some acco ssp  Photo © G. Waldeck

Tibet, Kashmir, Sikkim

17. Parnassius acco (Gray, 1853)
Cat. lep. Ins. Br. Mus. I:76
     English: Varnished Apollo
Distribution of Parnassius some acco/przewalskii ssp
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius acco subsp. akico Morita, 1997
Parnassius acco subsp. andromeda Kocman, 1996
Parnassius acco subsp. aristocratus Kocman, 1999
Parnassius acco subsp. baltorana Bang-Haas, 1937
Parnassius acco subsp. chumurtiensis Bang-Haas, 1928
Parnassius acco var. gemmifer Fruhstorfer, 1904
Parnassius acco subsp. gloria Kocman, 1996
Parnassius acco var. goergneri Weiss & Michel, 1989
Parnassius acco var. gyanglaputsai Huang, 1998
Parnassius acco subsp. hampsoni Avinoff, 1916
Parnassius acco subsp. janae Kawasaki, 1999
Parnassius acco subsp. jirinae Rose & Kawasaki, 1997
Parnassius acco subsp. krausei Bryk, 1940
Parnassius acco subsp. mirabilis Bang-Haas, 1927
Parnassius acco subsp. pseudobubo Mikami, 1998
Parnassius acco var. punctata Tytler, 1926
Parnassius acco subsp. pundjabensis Bang-Haas, 1927
Parnassius acco var. rosea J C Weiss & Michel, 1989
Parnassius acco subsp. tagalangi Bang-Haas, 1927
Parnassius acco subsp. tulaishani A Schulte, 1992
Parnassius acco subsp. transhimalayensis Eisner, 1938
Parnassius acco subsp. vairocana Sinkai & Weiss, 1992
Parnassius acco subsp. yvonne Eisner, 1959


Photo © G. Waldeck

Tibet, W. China

18. Parnassius przewalskii (Alpherakyi 1887)
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius przewalskii subsp. acconus Fruhstorfer, 1903
Parnassius przewalskii subsp. bubo Bryk, 1938
Parnassius przewalskii subsp. caliginosa Austaut, 1912
Parnassius przewalskii var. humboldti Pierrat & Porion, 1988
Parnassius przewalskii subsp. kocmani Morita & Sorimachi, 1994
Parnassius przewalskii subsp. kozlowyi Verity, 1911
Parnassius przewalskii subsp. kunlunica Huang & Murayama, 1991
Parnassius przewalskii subsp. nigrcinsparsa Verity, 1911
Parnassius przewalskii  subsp. tangula
Parnassius przewalskii subsp. rosei Schulte, 1992
Parnassius przewalskii subsp. seitzi Bryk, 1917
Parnassius przewalskii subsp. simplicatus Stichel, 1907
Parnassius przewalskii subsp. suffusa Verity, 1907
Parnassius przewalskii subsp. tulaishani Schulte, 1992


Pairs of two Parnassius hannyngtoni ssp 

Photo © G. Waldeck

India, China, Bhutan

19. Parnassius hannyngtoni (Avinov, 1916)
     English: Hannyngton's Apollo 
Parnassius hannyngtoni distribution map
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius hannyngtoni subsp. michael Sorimachi & Morita 1993
Parnassius hannyngtoni subsp. antonini Kocman, 1996
Parnassius hannyngtoni subsp. fujisawai Kawasaki, 1995
Parnassius hannyngtoni subsp. liliput Bryk, 1932


Samples of Parnassius simo ssp

Photo © G. Waldeck

Tadzhikistan, Kirghizia, Kashmir, N.India, Tibet, W.China, Mongolia

20. Parnassius simo (Gray, 1853)
Cat. Lep. Ins. Br. Mus. I:76
     English: Blackedged Apollo
Larva probably on Lagotis glabosa, L. decumbens
     Pupa hibernating
Distribution of some P simo subspecies on this site
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius simo subsp. acconus Fruhstorfer
Parnassius simo var. bainqenerdini Huang, 1998
Parnassius simo subsp. bieberi Rose & Kawasaki, 1997
Parnassius simo subsp. candida Avinov
Parnassius simo subsp. chenrezi Wyatt, 1960
Parnassius simo subsp. chikae Mikami, 1998
Parnassius simo subsp. chitulaensis Kocman, 1997
Parnassius simo subsp. colosseus Bang-Haas, 1935
Parnassius simo subsp. confusus Bang-Haas, 1927
Parnassius simo subsp. demolensis Mikami, 1998
Parnassius simo subsp. demtchokensis Eisner, 1938
Parnassius simo subsp. drigungtilensis Kocman, 1999
Parnassius simo subsp. fickleri
Parnassius simo subsp. ganymedes Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius simo subsp. gylippos Fruhstorfer, 1903
Parnassius simo subsp.  hilariae Kreuzberg, 1986.
Parnassius simo subsp. hingstoni Bryk, 1932
Parnassius simo subsp. kangchenus Omoto & Kawasaki, 1998
Parnassius simo subsp. kangruënsis Eisner & Weiss, 1990
Parnassius simo subsp. kanoi Omoto & Kawasaki, 1998
Parnassius simo subsp. khamensis Kocman, 1999
Parnassius simo subsp. kozlovi Verity
Parnassius simo subsp. kunlunensis Weiss, 1991
Parnassius simo subsp. lanaki Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius simo subsp. lenzeni Bryk, 1943
Parnassius simo subsp. lise Eisner, 1959
Parnassius simo var. lorimeri Tytler, 1926
Parnassius simo subsp. miroku Inaoka & Shinkai, 1994
Parnassius simo subsp. norikae Ohya
Parnassius simo subsp. peteri Bang-Haas, 1927
Parnassius simo subsp. prasolovi Kreuzberg, 1986
Parnassius simo subsp. prominentus Kawasaki & Helia, 1996
Parnassius simo subsp. pygmaea Bang-Haas
Parnassius simo subsp. qilianshanicus Schulte, 1992
Parnassius simo subsp. qinghaiensis Soromachi ,1992
Parnassius simo subsp. reinigi Bryk, 1932
Parnassius simo subsp. saserensis Bang-Haas, 1937
Parnassius simo subsp. shishapangmanus Kawasaki, 1997
Parnassius simo subsp. simoides Bang-Haas, 1927
Parnassius simo var. simplicatus Stichel, 1907
Parnassius simo subsp. simulator Staudingeri, 1889
Parnassius simo subsp. teiae Shinkai, 1996
Parnassius simo subsp. wardi Mikami, 1998
Parnassius simo subsp. wenquanensis
Parnassius simo subsp. yoshikoae Morita, 1997
Parnassius simo subsp. yunnanensis Kawasaki, 1990
Parnassius simo subsp. zarraënsis Bang-Haas, 1935

Pairs of Parnassius hardwicki nominate and two ssp

Photo © G. Waldeck

N.India, Kasmir, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan

                                                             
                                                                                                                 
21. Parnassius hardwicki (J E Gray, 1831)
Zool. Miscell.:32
English: Common Blue Apollo 
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius hardwicki subsp. albicans Fruhstorfer, 1898
Parnassius hardwicki subsp. asanoi Eisner, 1983
Parnassius hardwicki subsp. baltistani Bang-Haas, 1934
Parnassius hardwicki var. charino J E Gray, 1853
Parnassius hardwicki var. correctus Bryk, 1932
Parnassius hardwicki var. oder Fruhstorfer, 1903
Parnassius hardwicki subsp. pundjabensis Bang-Haas, 1934
Parnassius hardwicki subsp. tibuellus Bang-Haas, 1933


Pairs of Parnassius orleans nominate and three ssp

Photo © G. Waldeck

W. China

 
22. Panassius orleans (Oberthür, 1890)
Descr. espece. nouv. lep. gen. Parnassius (Rennes):1
Distribution of P orleans
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius orleans forma analalbosignata Bryk, 1938
Parnassius orleans subsp. augur Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius orleans subsp. bourboni Bang-Haas, 1928
Parnassius orleans subsp. chiehkuensis Kocman, 1999
Parnassius orleans subsp. consul Hering, 1930
Parnassius orleans subsp. cupido Bryk & Eisner, 1934
Parnassius orleans subsp. czekelli Bryk & Eisner, 1934
Parnassius orleans subsp. dictator Hering, 1930
Parnassius orleans subsp. drenowskyi Bryk & Eisner, 1934
Parnassius orleans subsp. ephebus Bryk, 1938
Parnassius orleans subsp. groumi C Oberthür, 1892
Parnassius orleans subsp. haruspex Bryk, 1943
Parnassius orleans subsp. hike Bryk & Eisner, 1934
Parnassius orleans subsp. janseni Bang-Haas, 1938
Parnassius orleans subsp. johanna Bryk, 1932
Parnassius orleans subsp. lakshmi Mikami, 1998
Parnassius orleans subsp. lictor Bryk & Eisner, 1937
Parnassius orleans subsp. lobnorica Bryk, 1934
Parnassius orleans subsp. memnon Bryk & Eisner, 1934
Parnassius orleans subsp. mikae Shinkai, 1998
Parnassius orleans subsp. mikamii Kawasaki, 1997
Parnassius orleans subsp. parthenos Bryk, 1932
Parnassius orleans subsp. ratnasambhaba Inaoka & Shinkai, 1994
Parnassius orleans subsp. rikitai Kawasaki, 1996
Parnassius orleans subsp. schneideri Bang-Haas, 1938
Parnassius orleans subsp. toshikoae Kawasaki, 1995
Parnassius orleans subsp. tyrannus Bryk, 1932

Pairs of Parnassius clodius nominate and three ssp

Photo © G. Waldeck

Alaska, British Columbia, Washington - Nevada

23. Parnassius clodius (Ménétriés, 1855)
USA: Clodius Parnassian
Enum. Corp. Anim. Mus. Imp. Sci. Petrop. (1)
Larva on Dicentra, D. formosa
Distribution of P. clodius
Described subspecies and forms:
Parnassius clodius subsp. altaurus Dyar, 1903
Parnassius clodius subsp. baldur Stichel, 1907
Parnassius clodius subsp. claudianus Stichel, 1907
Parnassius clodius subsp. gallatinus Stichel, 1907
Parnassius clodius subsp. hel Eisner, 1956
Parnassius clodius subsp. incredibilis Bryk, 1932.
Parnassius clodius subsp. ménétriési Edwards, 1877
Parnassius clodius subsp. pseudogallatinus Bryk, 1913
Parnassius clodius subsp. shepardi Eisner, 1966
Parnassius clodius subsp. sol Bryk & Eisner, 1932
Parnassius clodius subsp. strohbeeni Sternitzky, 1945


Copyright © 2007 Göran Waldeck   All rights reserved

Last updated April 15, 2008